Assam Bank Holidays 2023
Assam has 19 bank holidays in the year 2023 excluding the second/fourth Saturday and Sundays. Below is the the month-wise 2023 bank holidays list in Assam.
FAQs on Assam Bank Holidays 2023
More About Assam Holidays 2023
Assam is one of the North-Eastern states on India. It is a part of seven sisters. Assam is famous for tea and silk. It is also the home to one-horned rhinoceros, wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger, and several Asiatic birds. The This state of India consisted of several National Parks including Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park. Besides, national park it is a World Heritage Site as well. The state has borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh.
Assam has an interesting background. The history of Assam explains back to 2nd century BCE, a stupa at Sri Surya Pahar dated to 200 BCE contemporary with Karle and Bhaja caves of Maharashtra. The history suggest that various groups such as a Bodo-Kachari group, held in the banks of Brahmaputra with the domains in the areas such as Vishwanath and Burudhing in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
In the 16th century, a conflict took place between Chutias and Ahoms for seeking eastern Assam. Another ruler, Dimasa, ruled from the Dikhow River to Central and Southern Assam. The Ahoms acquire leadership of Assam and increased their kingdom through the state. There were various invasions over Assam. However, modern history says that Assam got separated from Bengal in 1874 as a ‘North-East Frontier’ and also known as Assam Chief-Commissionership.
Later, after the partition in 1905, Eastern Bengal and Assam were divided into two provinces. It was established again in 1912.
Know about Assam
Here is an overview of Assam:
- Capital: Dispur
- Largest City: Guwahati
- Number of Districts: 35
- Area Covered: 78,438 sq km.
Geographical Facts Explained
- Physical Region: There are three physical regions - the Brahmaputra River Valley, the Barak River Valley, and hilly area between Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Manipur.
- Temperature: Assam’s average temperature is 36°C. It goes highest during August and lowest to 7°C during January.
- Rainfall: Assam causes highest rainfall ranges from 70-20 inches.
- Woodlands: In Assam, tropical evergreen and deciduous forests, grasslands, swamp forests, pine forests, and broad leaves are there in the hill forests.
- Trees: The famous trees in Assam are Sal and Hollong. In addition to this, Bamboo, ferns, and orchids are also available in abundant.
- Wildlife Sanctuaries: Various wildlife sanctuaries are there in Assam including The Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park. These parks have also become the UNESCO World Heritage sites in Assam.
People of Assam: Understanding the Population
Population Composition: The people of Brahmaputra and Barak valleys have the ancestors of Indo-Iran. By the time they arrived, the local people got intermixed with Asian people. In the 13th century, the Ahom people from the Asia came from the Yunnan of China. A minority of the population comprises of rural people belonging to people from Caste System in Indian System as they are designated as Scheduled Tribes. This community is known as Bodo community.
These people speak Indo-Aryan language, which is the main language of Assam. Besides this, Tibeto-Burman languages are also spoken by Scheduled Tribes staying here. Though, Khasi people speak Austroasiatic language. In fact some of the groups adopted Assamese language, the people in Barak valley speaks Bengali which is an Indo-Aryan language.
More than three-fifths of the people in Assam belong to the Hindu community religion. Some of the popular temples include Sibsagar, Shaiva temple etc. One-third of the population practice Islam. Many of the scheduled tribe community follow Christianity religion and practice local religions also which is Hindus. Here is the list of temples popular in Assam:
- Kamakhya Temple
- Negheriting Shiva Doul
- Kedareswara Temple
- Asvakranta Temple
- Basistha Temple
- Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar
- Bhairabi Temple
- Umananda Temple
Agriculture is an important occupation in Assam. Half of the population situated in Assam follows Agriculture to lead life. Rice is grown in one-third area of Assam. Jute and tea are grown in the Brahmaputra valley and in the large portion of the area grows Rice. Some of the popular crops grown here include oilseeds, pulses, corn, sugarcane, rape, mustard, potatoes, and fruits. Livestock and dairy farming is also growing in Assam since 20th century. Sericulture is one of the important occupations in Assam.
The forests of Assam are tropical hardwoods. Almost all the forests comprises of Sal trees. Besides timber, crucial forest products are found such as bamboo, firewood, and lac.
Various minerals are produced in Assam and some of these are coal, natural gas, petroleum, and limestone. In addition to the minerals, oil reserves and oil refinery built at Digboi. After this, other oil refinery was founded in Guwahati. Coal is largely used mineral for railways, tea estates, and steamships. The state also produces Liquefied natural gas and limestone in the Mikir Hills.
In the manufacturing sector, the state produces small-scale industrial enterprises like fertilizer, jute, paper, silk and textiles, sugar, chemicals, electronics, and cement. Sawmills, plywood and match factories are some of the other manufacturing resources in Assam.
The state has abundance of waterways especially in land waterways. Barak and Brahmaputra rivers are the primary water channel of for waterways. A large number of ferries are operated between several points. In addition to this, freight service is also offered between West Bengal, Guwahati and Kolkata.
The cultural life involves several religious centers and institutional areas of satra and namghar. Satras in Assam look for religious and social well-being of Hindus.Weaving is an important part of the cultural life of people residing in Assam. Most of the women are skilled in fine silk and clothes.
Assamese cuisine is prepared with fruits and vegetables available in Assam. Its most of the cuisines are bitter and sour in taste served during the meals. The popular tenga dish is a stew prepared with the pieces of fried fish cooked in fenugreek seeds, vegetables, and a few drops of lemon juice. Khar recipes have astringent taste just like a soda and made from the ashes of banana plant.
List of Cities in Delhi
The following is the list of cities in Delhi-
- Dima Hasao
- Kamrup Metropolitan
- Kamrup Rural
- Karbi Anglong
- South Salmara-Mankachar
- West Karbi Anglong