Jharkhand Bank Holidays 2023
Jharkhand has 22 bank holidays in the year 2023 excluding the second/fourth Saturday and Sundays. Below is the the month-wise 2023 bank holidays list in Jharkhand.
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Jharkhand, a state in India, known as the land of forests. It is endowed with a huge species of plants and animals. It gives a panoramic view of natural beauty. One can go to the different zoological gardens and national parks. The state is located in eastern side of India and got divided into southern Bihar and another state. Jharkhand is surrounded with different states such as West Bengal in east, Uttar Pradesh in the west, Bihar in the north, and Odisha in south. The state is spread around 30,778 sq metres. Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand and largest city in Jamshedpur.
Here are the essential facts of Jharkhand:
- Official Website: www.jharkhand.gov.in
- Date of Establishment: November 15, 2000
- Area: 79,714 sq km
- Density: 414/Km2
- Population: 3, 29, 88, 100
- Number of Males: 1, 69, 30, 215
- Number of Females: 1, 60, 57,800
- Districts: 24
- Capital: Ranchi
- Popular Rivers: Damodar, Subarnarekha
- Forests & National Park: Betla ( Palamau), NP, Hazaribagh WS
- Languages: Mundari , Kurukh, Khortha, Nagpuria, Sadri, Khariya, Panchparagnia, Ho, Malto, Karmali, Bangla, Hindi, Urdu, Santhali
- Neighbouring States: Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Chhattisgarh
- State Animal: Elephant
- State Bird: Asian Koel
- State Tree: Sal
- State Flower: Palash
Background of Jharkhand
Jharkhand’s history takes us back to the Magadha Empire. During the Mughal period, the state was named as Kukara. Britishers visited Jharkhand after 1765 and after this; the land was named as Jharkhand. Immediately after1779, Bhumij tribe fought against Britishers in West Bengal. Much after that the place has seen Chero tribe at Palamau. The tribal revolts created an impact on the British administration in Jharkhand.
Jharkhand is located on Santhal Parganas and Chhota Nagpur Plateau. Jharkhand is Chhota Nagpur Plateau and many rivers flow in this place such as Koel, Brahmani, Damodar, Subarnarekha and Kharkai. If you are visiting this place, then you will enjoy the beauty of hills, forests, and plateaus from the Lodh Falls. The deep and dense forest has a population of tigers and Asian elephants.
The soil available in Jharkhand consisted of stones and rocks. The red soil is mostly available in Jharkhand. One can easily find the red soil in Rajmahal and Damodar valley. Areas such as Barkagaon, Jhumri Telaiya, Koderma, and Mandar hills have vivacious soil containing mica particles. The sandy soil includes in the areas such as Dhanbad and Hazaribagh. The major parts of Rajmahal has black soil. The laterite soil is available in Palamu, Dumka, western Ranchi, and Singhbhum and Santhal Parganas regions.
Jharkhand is an abode of traditional food items. Some of the delicacies served here includes Dhuska, Rugra, Puttu or Phutka, Bamboo Shoot, Malpua, Thekua, Kanda Ki Sabzi, Metha Khaza, Dudhori etc.
Hindi is spoken the most. Besides Hindi, other languages are also spoken including Munda, Indo-Aryan and Dravidian. Languages such as Santhali, Bhumij, Ho, Mundari and Kharia are also spoken. Other languages spoken in Jharkhand includes Bengali, Sadri, Maithili, Panchpargania, Oriya, Khortha, Nagpuri, Kurmali, Paharia, Korwa and Oraon.
The state is ruled by the head of the government and Governor. Various national and state level political parties engaged in Jharkhand elections. Some of the active national parties participate in Jharkhand elections are Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC), Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM).
The literacy rate of Jharkhand is 65% and more than nine districts have more than average literacy rate. The state runs both private and state level schools which helps in increasing the literacy rate. The teaching practice depends from one school to other. As soon as Jharkhand was formed, four different projects were introduced such as DPEP, SSA, NPEGEL and KGBV to spread the spread awareness about the primary education.
Prominent Schools in Jharkhand
Some of the eminent schools in Jharkhand are De Nobili School, DAV Hehal, Delhi Public School, Oxford Public School, St Thomas School, Chinmaya Public School, St. Xavier's, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Shishu Mandir, Sacred Heart School, Loyola school, Surendranath centenary School, etc.
Any country/city can grow if the economy is well-organized. Jharkhand is the largest producer of minerals after Chhattisgarh. It has produced minerals such as iron ore, copper, coal, uranium, bauxite, mica, limestone and graphite. Due to the abundance of minerals in the state, the per capita income of the state is increasing year by year. The state has famous industrialized cities such as Bokaro Steel City, Dhanbad, Ranchi, and Ramgarh. The fisrt iron and steel industry was formed in Jamshedpur. Bokaro is Asia’s largest steel plant and Gomia has the largest explosives.
The present population of Jharkhand is 33 million approximately. The state has 24 districts and 32, 000 villages. Only 8, 000 villages have proper connectivity for people. 28% of the people belongs to the tribal community and 12% belongs to Scheduled Caste. The Urbanisation and Industrialisation have both affected the regions. Approximately, 69% of the people follows Hinduism, 13% follows Islam, 13 % goes for Animisitic Sarna, and 4% follows Christianity. The rest of the population follows Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. Besides this, state also has tribal communities such as Ho, Kharia, Kharwar, Banjara, Asur, Binjhia, Gond, Korba, Birhor, Mahli, Khond, Sauriya Paharia, Bathundi, Mal Paharia, Chik Baraik, Oraon, Santhal, Sauria Paharia, Sabar, Savar, Parahiya, Birajia, Hill Kharia, etc.
Culture is very important part of a place. The state has a large number of tribes. Nature plays a crucial role in forming the life and culture of people. It is the culture of the residents of Jharkhand to plant sacred trees in their homes. They follow rituals such as Jitia Puja, Karma Puja, Sarhul, and many more. During the festival of Makar Sankranti, people participate in occasions such as Tusu Fair or Poush Mela, a festival of harvesting. This is a colorful and vibrant celebration. The Chotanagpur Plateau celebrates the Karam Festival as well. After the Kanwal Shukl-Paksh, they celebrate it for fortnight. To celebrated this festival, people purchase new clothes from the market, oil, earthen pots, and prepare dishes.
List of Cities in Jharkhand
The following is the list of cities in Jharkhand-
- East Singhbhum
- Seraikela Kharsawan
- West Singhbhum