How HRA Exemption is Calculated?

HRA stands for House Rent Allowance and is an allowance provided to salaried individuals. As per the Income Tax Act, 1961, Section 10(13A) and rule 2A, HRA comes under excerption which you can claim while filing ITR.

HRA exemption offers a valuable opportunity to reduce their taxable income which may help you in reducing the liability of paying the tax. In this article, we’ll delve into the intricacies of HRA, How Exemption on HRA is Calculated, its calculation methods, and much more.

How HRA Exemption is Calculated

What is HRA?

House Rent Allowance (HRA) is a part of the salary that you get and covers the rental expense for your accommodation. It is a very common component of the salary. HRA is intended to help employees meet the cost of renting a home and, at the same time, provide a tax benefit.

The amount of HRA a person receives is generally a percentage of their basic salary and can vary based on the city of residence due to differences in living costs. You can claim a tax exemption on the HRA that you’ll receive as outlined by the Income Tax Act of India.

How Is Exemption on HRA Calculated?

The exemption on House Rent Allowance (HRA) in India is calculated based on the following three conditions, and the lowest of these is considered for tax exemption:

  • Actual HRA Received
  • 50% or 40% of (Basic salary + Dearness allowance) for Urban/Rural Areas
  • Rent Paid – 10% of Basic Salary (or DA)

It can be best understood by looking into an example-

Let’s say, the total HRA that you are getting is Rs.1,00,000/- now we can calculate the HRA as follows-

Actual HRA Received = Rs.1,00,000/-

40% of (Basic salary + Dearness allowance) for Rural Areas = Rs.40,000/-

50% of (Basic salary + Dearness allowance) for Rural Areas = Rs.50,000/-

Rent Paid – 10% of Basic Salary (or DA) = Rs.3,00,000 – 10% of [(45,000+7,000) *12] = Rs. 2,37,600/-

As per the rule of calculating the HRA deduction, the least of these amounts will be considered for the deduction, hence, in this case, the amount of Rs.40,000/- is used for the HRA Deduction.

Note– It’s important to note that to claim HRA exemption, the employee must be living in a rented accommodation, and the rent should be paid for that specific financial year. Also, if you are staying with family and paying rent to them, you cannot claim HRA for the same.

Documents Required for HRA Exemption Claim

The following are the documents which are required for the HRA Exemption Claim-

  • Copy of your PAN card
  • Copy of the landlord’s PAN card
  • Rent receipts for the concerned financial year
  • Copy of the rent agreement

Conditions for Claiming HRA Exemption

The following are the conditions for claiming HRA Exemption-

  • Rent payment with a valid receipt is required for claiming HRA Exemption for the concerned financial year
  • Deductions can be claimed either under Section 10(13A) or Section 80GG, not both


Which cities qualify for the 50% or 40% calculation of HRA exemption?

Metro cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Chennai qualify for 50% calculation, while non-metro cities qualify for 40%.

Can I claim an HRA exemption if I live in my own house or with family?

No, the HRA exemption is applicable only if you are living in a rented accommodation.

Can I claim an HRA exemption if I pay rent to my parents?

Yes, you can claim HRA exemption if you pay rent to your parents, provided they own the property and the transaction is genuinely documented.

Do I need to submit proof of rent payment to claim HRA exemption?

Yes, you need to submit proof of rent payment, such as rent receipts, to claim HRA exemption.

Can I claim an HRA exemption if I own a house in another city?

Yes, if you live in rented accommodation in one city while owning a house in another, you can claim an HRA exemption.

Can self-employed individuals claim HRA exemption?

No, HRA exemption is available only to salaried individuals who receive HRA as part of their salary.