What is the Chit Fund?

Investment and saving play an important role in building and increasing wealth over time. There are various avenues available for investment, ranging from traditional options like fixed deposits and mutual funds to more innovative ones like stocks and real estate.

Whether a real estate investment or a stock market investment, planning an investment strategy is essential in an individual’s life.

While each investment avenue has its advantages and considerations, one lesser-known yet effective method is through chit funds.

Chit funds operate on the principle of collective savings and investment, where a group of individuals pool their resources to achieve a common financial goal.

In this article, we will discuss What a is Chit Fund, how a chit fund operates, the benefits of chit funds, and much more.

What is the Chit Fund

What is the Chit Fund?

A chit fund is a unique financial arrangement that operates based on collective savings and investment.

It involves a group of individuals, typically from the same community or locality, who come together to pool their resources to achieve a common financial goal.

Each member of the chit fund agrees to contribute a fixed amount of money regularly over a defined period, such as monthly or quarterly. These contributions are collected and managed by a chit-fund company or organizer.

During each installment period, one member is chosen through a random selection process or auction, and they receive the total amount collected for that period. This continues until each member has received their share of the pooled funds.

How does Chit Fund operate?

Chit funds operate very systematically and involve a group of individuals coming together to pool their financial resources for saving and investment. The following are the ways using which the chit funds operate-

Formation of the Chit Funds

A chit fund is formed by a group of individuals who agree to participate in the scheme belonging to the same community or locality.

Agreement and Contribution

Each member enters into a formal agreement with the chit-fund organizer, outlining the terms and conditions of participation. The amount of contribution is predetermined and remains fixed throughout the scheme period.


At each meeting of the chit fund, one member is chosen to receive the total amount collected for that period through an auction or other selection process. Members can also bid for the prize amount, with the highest bidder winning the bid and chance to receive the money.


The total amount collected during each period is distributed to the winning member and the cycle begins by offering each member a chance to winddraw the funds through an auction. Each member would get one chance to participate in withdrawing the funds.


The chit-fund scheme concludes once all members have received their share of the funds. The duration of the scheme may vary depending on the total amount collected and the frequency of contributions.

Benefits of Chit Fund

The following are the benefits of the Chit Funds-

  • Chit funds provide participants with access to a lump sum of money at regular intervals
  • Participation in a Chit-fund encourages financial discipline among members and helps in developing a habit of saving
  • hit funds do not require participants to provide any collateral making it accessible to the individual across the social strata
  • Chit funds offer the potential for higher returns compared to traditional savings accounts or fixed deposits
  • Participants can choose a scheme that aligns with their financial goals and budgetary constraints

Types of Chit Funds

The following are the types of the chit funds-

Traditional Chit Funds

Traditional chit funds follow the conventional model where a group of individuals come together to pool their resources. These chit-funds operate on a predetermined duration and involve periodic contributions from members.

Prize Chits

Prize chits are a type of chit fund where the total amount collected during each period is distributed to a single winning member through a random selection process or auction. The prize chit model is based on the concept of chance, with members having the opportunity to win the pooled funds at each meeting.

Dividend Chits

In dividend chits, the total amount collected during each period is distributed among all participating members, rather than being awarded to a single winner. This type of chit fund aims to provide regular dividends to all members, ensuring equitable distribution of the pooled funds.

Foreman-based Chits

Foreman-based chits are managed by a designated individual or entity known as the foreman. The foreman is responsible for collecting contributions, conducting meetings, and distributing the funds to the members. This type of chit fund provides a centralized management structure, with the foreman overseeing the operations and ensuring compliance with the terms of the agreement.

Non-Prize Chits

Non-prize chits are chit funds where the total amount collected during each period is not distributed as a prize or dividend. Instead, the funds may be used for specific purposes such as financing projects, investments, or loans to members. Non-prize chits focus on generating returns on the pooled funds through strategic investments or lending activities.

Monthly Income Chits

Monthly income chits are designed to provide regular income to members every month. The total amount collected during each period is distributed among the members as monthly payouts, ensuring a steady source of income for participants.

Top 10 Chit Funds Operating in India

The following are the top 10 chit funds operating in India-

  • Shriram Chits
  • Margadarsi Chit Fund
  • Mysore Sale International
  • Guru Nanak Chit fund
  • Kapil Chit Funds
  • Government of Kerala Linked Chitty
  • Amruthadhara Chits and Finance Private Limited
  • Purasawalkam Santhatha Sanga Nidhi Limited

Laws Related to Chit Funds

Chit funds are operated both by private as well as state governments for individuals to participate in. The legal framework of the chit funds is managed through the Chit Funds Act, of 1982. It outlines the roles, responsibilities, and other essential rules for the chit-fund operators.

The Act also lays down provisions for the registration, management, and conduct of chit funds, as well as the penalties for non-compliance with the regulations.

Some states may also have their legislation related to the chit funds which may include additional requirements or restrictions on the operation of chit funds within the state.


Is TDS applicable on Chit Funds?

No, Chit fund transactions are not subject to TDS as they do not fall under the scope of taxable income or payments that require withholding tax deductions.

Are chit funds safe to invest in?

The safety of investing in chit funds depends on various factors, including the reputation and regulatory compliance of the chit fund company, the terms and conditions of the chit fund agreement, and the level of risk associated with the specific chit fund scheme.

What is the legality of the Chit Fund?

Chit funds operate within the legal framework provided by the Chit Funds Act, of 1982, and the relevant state-specific rules and regulations. As long as chit funds comply with the provisions of the law and are registered with the appropriate regulatory authorities, they are considered legal financial instruments for collective savings and investment in India.

What is a State-run chit fund?

A state-run chit fund is a chit fund scheme operated or managed by a state government or its authorized agency. State-run chit funds may be established to promote financial inclusion, encourage savings among low-income groups, or provide access to credit for small businesses and individuals.